What exactly are these specific things?
Chromosomes. These make certain that each mobile gets the amount that is proper of during cell unit. And in most cases men and women have 46 of these, 23 from each moms and dad.
Chromosomes and Genes
Each types possesses characteristic amount of chromosomes. Chromosomes are coiled structures made from DNA and proteins called histones (Figure below). Chromosomes would be the type of the material that is genetic of cell during mobile unit. Start to see the «Chromosomes» section for more information.
The peoples genome has 23 pairs of chromosomes found in the nucleus of somatic cells. Each chromosome consists of genes as well as other DNA wound around histones (proteins) right into a tightly coiled molecule. Читать далее